Английский 1 курс. Тест №1 по английскому языку
I. Из каждой пары слов выберите существительное, стоящее в единственном числе.
1 a ) phenomena b) phenomenon 2 a) analyses b) analysis 3 a) criterion b) criteria
4 a) theses b) thesis 5 a) nucleus b) nuclei 6 a) hypothesis b) hypotheses
II Заполните пропуски словами, обозначающими "количество" или "степень" из предложенного списка.
То smoke or not to smoke ?
The problem of smoking is ... 7 under discussion. Some people smoke, ... 8
don't. ... 9 of those smoking wish to give it up, and a great... 10 heavy smokers
often make ... 11 attempts before they give up either smoking or the attempts. It
requires not a... 12 will power and ... 13 of determination. So only ... 14 succeed.
And those... 15 say that they have felt so .. .16 better ever since.
a) much b) a great deal c) many d) some e) few f) most g) several h) little
III Найдите английские эквиваленты русским модальным глаголам
17. То be a successful scientist one а) необходимо at the very least b) уметь to ask questions.
18. A good experimenter вынужден be a jack of all trades.
19. To be a great scientist one необязательно solve a great many problems.
20. Most people а) способно question the uncertain, only few b) способно question the obvious.
21. An individual scientist а) может и не be highly moral. Scientific community as a whole b) должна to be.
IV Найдите в тексте шесть существительных со значением “размер", "количество". 22 а), b), с), d), е), f).
Never before have the scope of research and the number of the people occupied in it increased as rapidly as they are doing today. The magnitude of certain projects and the size of some installations are often breath-taking, while the bulk of the information accumulated can hardly be even roughly estimated, let alone digested. And yet the extent to which processes occurring naturally can be controlled and regulated by man is very limited.
V. Выберите правильный ответ.
23. If this discovery… in the XVII century, it would not have been recognized by
a) was made b) had made c) would have made d) had been made
24. Some people …easily… by other people’s opinion.
a) are influencing b) is influenced c) are influenced d) have influenced
25. He doesn’t appear …with the problem.
a) to concern b) concern c) to be concerned d) having concerned
26. A few more functional elements, germanium perhaps .. a good candidate, may
be discovered in the future.
a) having b) is c) having been d) being
27. The history of last 30 years shows him …very well.
a) to have done b) to do c) to be done d) was doing
28. No physicist untrained in biology would have ever solved the problem, …would a biologist, without a sound physics background.
a) either b) so c) neither d) no
29. It has been suggested that an end …to the barbarous treatment of nature.
a) has put b) should be put c) will be put d) is being put
VI. Заполните пропуски предложенными ниже словами.
What is the nature of the scientific attitude, the attitude of a man or woman who studies and …30 physics, biology, chemistry or any other …31. What are their special …32 of thinking or acting? What qualities do we usually expect them to …33?
To begin with, we expect a …34 scientist to be full of curiosity – he wants to find out how and why the …35 works. He usually directs his attention towards problems which have no …36 explanation. He is a good observer, …37, patient and objective.
He is to be highly imaginative since he often looks for …38 which are not only complex, but also …39.
a) possess a) b) successful a) c) applies a) d) incomplete a) e) science
b) f) accurate b) g) methods b) h) data b) i) universe b) j) satisfactory
VII Употребите предложенные глаголы в требуемой форме.
Titanic Disaster is one of the worst maritime disasters in history. The British luxury liner Titanic (46,000 gross tons) of the White Star line, on its maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York City, .. .40 (strike) an iceberg about 153 km south of the Grand Banks of Newfoundland on April 14, 1912. Of the more than 2220 persons aboard, about 1513 died, .. .41 (include) the American millionaires John Jacob Astor, Benjamin Guggenheim, and Isidor Straus. The ship ... 42 (proclaim) unsinkable because of its 16 watertight compartments, but the iceberg punctured five of them, one more than had been considered possible in any accident, and the Titanic ... 43 (sink) in less than three hours. Subsequent investigations found that the ship ...44 (steam) too fast in dangerous waters, that lifeboat space ... 45 (provide) for only about half of the passengers and crew, and that the Californian, close to the scene, ... 46 ( not come) to the rescue because its radio operator was off duty and asleep. These findings led to many reforms, such as lifeboat space for every person on a ship, lifeboat drills, the maintenance of a full-time radio watch while at sea, and an international ice patrol.
The sinking of the Titanic ... 47 ( be) the subject of several books and films since then, but not until September 1985 was the actual wreck found and the area .. .48 (photograph), by a joint French-U.S. expedition, through the use of robot submersibles equipped with television cameras. In July 1986 the U.S. researchers explored the Titanic in the three-person Alvin submersible; they ... 49 (take) pictures of the interior, but recovered no artifacts. The following year a controversial French salvage effort retrieved dishes, jewels; currency, and other artifacts, which ... 50 (exhibit) in Paris in September 1987.